Approach to Shortness of Breath

Approach to, Cardiology, Cardiovascular, Pulmonary, Respiratory

A brief approach to shortness of breath:

For more details, please see post for each clinical topic:

Allergic reaction/Anaphylaxis




Pulmonary Embolus



Respiratory Distress – Flipped Classroom Summary


Infectious Diease, Pulmonary, Respiratory

Worked example:

Part 1 – Classification, signs and symptoms

Part 2 – Diagnosis and Management


Other resources

Pneumonia severity index by MD Calc

CURB 65 score by MD Calc

PV cards for risk stratification tools at Academic Life in Emergency Medicine

Pediatric pneumonia management at Pediatric EM Morsels

Pediatric pneumonia management at Life in the Fast Lane

How to read a chest x-ray by Learning Radiology

RML pneumonia case via

RUL pneumonia case via


Pulmonary, Respiratory

This is a worked example of a pneumothorax.

Part 1 – We discuss the causes and presentations of pneumothorax.

Part 2 – We discuss the investigations and treatment of pneumothorax.

Other resources:

CXR of pneumothorax from Carlo Oller on Youtube 

Chest tubes 101 from – from basic to more advanced technique (Seldinger and pigtail catheter)