Approach to Shortness of Breath

Approach to, Cardiology, Cardiovascular, Pulmonary, Respiratory

A brief approach to shortness of breath:

For more details, please see post for each clinical topic:

Allergic reaction/Anaphylaxis




Pulmonary Embolus



Respiratory Distress – Flipped Classroom Summary

Pulmonary Embolus

Chest pain, Pulmonary, Respiratory, Uncategorized

Worked example

Part 1 – We discuss the causes and presentations of PE.

Part 2 – We discuss the available diagnostic tests for PE.

Part 3 – We discuss how to put it together for diagnosis


Other resources:

ECG changes in PE on Life in the Fast Lane blog

PE case on

CXR signs on

Well’s criteria for PE on MD Calc

Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index score on MD Calc


Infectious Diease, Pulmonary, Respiratory

Worked example:

Part 1 – Classification, signs and symptoms

Part 2 – Diagnosis and Management


Other resources

Pneumonia severity index by MD Calc

CURB 65 score by MD Calc

PV cards for risk stratification tools at Academic Life in Emergency Medicine

Pediatric pneumonia management at Pediatric EM Morsels

Pediatric pneumonia management at Life in the Fast Lane

How to read a chest x-ray by Learning Radiology

RML pneumonia case via

RUL pneumonia case via


Pulmonary, Respiratory

This is a worked example of a pneumothorax.

Part 1 – We discuss the causes and presentations of pneumothorax.

Part 2 – We discuss the investigations and treatment of pneumothorax.

Other resources:

CXR of pneumothorax from Carlo Oller on Youtube 

Chest tubes 101 from – from basic to more advanced technique (Seldinger and pigtail catheter)